Telecommuting began in the early seventies as a means of reducing the ever increasing vehicular traffic on the roads. Carbon emission from cars is the main cause of air pollution. Long commuting hours and rising oil prices were also reasons why people opted for telecommuting.
Telecommuting needs a good virtual network, an economically viable broadband connection, video and conference calling facilities, and voice over IP. It is an efficient way of running a company as telecommuting allows the staff flexible working hours and choice of work place, thereby cutting down on commute time and cost. Employees working from home, or cafes, and various locations utilizing the latest mobile communications and technology allow the company to operate from smaller premises.