An activity that involves changes to any visual aspect of land is referred to as landscaping. Landscaping may range from planting and maintaining a few trees i.e. gardening to making elaborate modifications to land in the form of creating terraces, installing fences, etc.
Every aspect of landscaping is governed by certain elements. Therefore, when you make a change in the landscape, you are changing one or more elements. Living elements include flora and fauna while natural elements encompass the landforms and water bodies present. Any man-made structure is a human element while weather and other related conditions are classified as abstract elements.