Soil quality and its water retention capability, regional location and climate, topography of the landscape, exposure to the sun, wind, shade, frequency and amount of rainfall, and nearby reflecting surfaces are some of the factors that determine the design and layout of a garden. Once that has been determined, eco friendly organic compost from recycled kitchen waste can be used to supply nutrients to the soil. Using mulch in the garden discourages weeds, prevents loss of water through evaporation and enriches the soil.
Choose plants keeping in mind the local climate and soil conditions. Arrange plants with similar water requirements together. Mature plants require less water as they have a well developed root system. Plants that transpire less or don’t lose much water by evaporation need less water.